The Emergence of Parallel grammars

An analysis of Arabic loanwords in Saraiki

Authors

  • Nasir Abbas Syed Prefossor, LUAWMS
  • Sehrish Shafi Lecturer, Mirpur University of Science and Technology, Mirpur
  • Sami Mohammed Alanazi Assistant Professor, Northern Boarder University, Arar, Saudi Arabia

Keywords:

Arabic, Gemination, Loanword phonology, Markedness, Saraiki, Stress Shift, Universal Grammar, Vowel Harmony

Abstract

This study presents data from Arabic loan word adaptation in
Saraiki. The data are analyzed using Optimality Theory. The data
show that speakers of a borrowing language sometimes change
words of a source language obeying constraints which are neither
operative in borrowing language, nor in a source language.Two
types of repair strategy are discussed in the loanwords presented
in this paper, namely gemination and stress shift. Vowel harmony
also emerges in the context as a free ride natural effect. Based
onthe evidence from Saraiki loanwords of Arabic origin, it is
argued that in some contexts, speakers of a borrowing language
develop a third phonology which is different from L1 (borrowing
language) and L2 (source language) grammar.

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Published

2022-06-27

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Section

Articles