An independent analysis of the Phonological abilities of a Pahari speaking child with Delayed Language Development


  • Atique-ur-Rehman Abbasi PhD Scholar, Department of English, University of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Muzaffarabad
  • Ayesha Sohail Professor, Department of English, University of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Muzaffarabad


Delayed language development, phonological deficits, phonological processes, Pahari phonology, independent analysis, language milestones


This study reports the independent analysis data of a Pahari (an Indo-Aryan language) speaking child with delayed language development (DLD) at the age of 6;6. Data is elicited using a word list comprising of the Pahari consonant segments (established by Khan (2013)) at all possible word positions. The descriptive profile of the subject includes: percentage of consonant correct (PCC), consonant errors in terms of phonological processes, distribution of segments in phonological environments and word shapes. The study concludes that consequent to the age inappropriate phonological deficits, the subject employs preference and avoidance strategies which lead to the phonological processes. This work is restricted to Pahari consonants and also does not put the subject’s performance in relational perspective in the absence of Pahari normative data.







Most read articles by the same author(s)