Articles submitted to Kashmir Journal of Language Research (KJLR) should make original contributions to the field. The Editors will assume that an article submitted for their consideration has not previously been published and is not being considered for publication elsewhere, either in the submitted form or in a modified version
- Formatting requirements
There are no strict formatting requirements but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to convey your manuscript, for example Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Literature Review, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion. Divide the article into clearly defined sections. Please ensure the figures and the tables included in the single file are placed next to the relevant text in the manuscript, rather than at the bottom or the top of the file. The corresponding caption should be placed directly below the figure or table. Consult a recent issue of the journal (a free sample copy is available online at: http://www.kjlr.pk) to become familiar with layout and conventions. Number all pages consecutively.
- Peer review
This journal operates a double-blind review process. All contributions will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal. Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of two independent expert reviewers to assess the quality of the paper. The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles.
- Article Structure
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, …), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to ‘the text’. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background
3.2. Literature Review
Detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
3.3. Material and methods
Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.
Results should be clear and concise.
This should explore the significance of the results of the work. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
3.7. Figure captions
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.
Submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables must be placed to the relevant text in the article. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body.
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc.
Papers must be typed in a 12 pt New Times Roman font, left-aligned, with 1.5 line-spacing used for running text (single-spacing should be used for tables, figures & examples); page margins must be at a minimum 1.25 inches on all sides. First lines of paragraphs should be indented 0.25 inches; do not add an extra line between paragraphs. The number of pages in an article should not exceed the page limit (i.e. 20).
- Essential title page information
Title should be concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations and equations where possible.
4.2. Author names and affiliations
Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. You can add your name between parentheses in your own script behind the English transliteration. Present the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lowercase superscript letter immediately after the author’s name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
4.3. Corresponding author
Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.
A concise and factual abstract is required (of between 200-300 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the methods, the principal results and major conclusions. References should therefore be avoided, but if essential, they must be cited in full, without reference to the reference list. Nonstandard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 7 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, “and”, “of”). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.
7.1. Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text.
7.2. Web references
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.
7.3. Reference formatting
KJLR follows APA style of reference formatting. Author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the pagination must be present. Use of DOI is highly encouraged. Note that missing data will be highlighted at proof stage for the author to correct. If you do wish to format the references yourself they should be arranged according to the following examples:
7.3.1. Reference style Text:
Citations in the text should follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association. You are referred to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition, ISBN 978-1-4338-0561-5, copies of which may be ordered online or APA Order Dept., P.O.B. 2710, Hyattsville, MD 20784, USA or APA, 3 Henrietta Street, London, WC3E 8LU, UK.
References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, etc., placed after the year of publication.
7.3.3. Reference to a journal publication
Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J. A. J., & Lupton, R. A. (2010). The art of writing a scientific article.
Journal of Scientific Communications, 163 (2), 51–59.
7.3.4. Reference to a book
Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E. B. (2000). The elements of style. (4th ed.). New York: Longman, (Chapter 4).
7.3.5. Reference to a chapter in an edited book
Mettam, G. R., & Adams, L. B. (2009). How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In B. S.
Jones, & R. Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age (pp. 281–304). New York: E-
7.3.6. Reference to a website
Cancer Research UK. Cancer statistics reports for the UK. (2003). http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/
aboutcancer/statistics/cancerstatsreport/ Accessed 13 March 2003.